MLB Free Agency: Could Long Contracts Be Banned?

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Minnesota Twins' Carlos Correa celebrates while crossing home plate after hitting a two-run home run during the eighth inning of the team's baseball game against the Cleveland Guardians, Friday, Sept. 9, 2022, in Minneapolis.
(AP Photo/Abbie Parr)
Rachael Millanta @rachaelmillanta Dec 16, 2022, 2:58 PM
  • In December, three top free agents were signed to 11-plus-year contracts.
  • All three players will be under contract after the age of 40.
  • These long contracts could be a way for teams to beat the luxury tax system.
  • The luxury tax threshold for the 2023 season is $233 million.

On Dec. 8, the Philadelphia Phillies signed shortstop Trea Turner to an 11-year, $300 million contract. Not to be outdone, the San Diego Padres signed shortstop Xander Bogaerts to an 11-year, $280 million deal on Dec. 9. The latest was Carlos Correa, who agreed to terms with the San Francisco Giants on an incredible 13-year, $350 million deal.

With the Winter Meetings in the rearview mirror, teams are acutely focused on the upcoming season and their odds to win the World Series. This offseason’s free agent market was stacked with talent, so seeing mega-stars signed to mega-contracts isn’t surprising — but is it all that it seems?

MLB players still performing at a high level over the age of 40 tend to be the exception rather than the rule. Still, Turner’s contract will have him signed through his 40th birthday, and both Correa and Bogaerts will be with their respective teams at 41. These players are fantastic right now, but it’s fair to question how they will be 10-plus years from now.

But perhaps that’s not really what these deals are about.

Each year, MLB teams that exceed a certain payroll threshold are subject to the Competitive Balance Tax, often referred to as the luxury tax. This means teams need to keep their annual payroll under the predetermined amount or be taxed on every dollar they go over. 

Each team’s annual payroll figure is determined using the average annual value of each player’s contract. This is calculated by adding up a player’s total salary, then dividing that number by the number of years the contract spans. 

So, have teams worked out a way to beat the luxury tax system by signing players to long contracts?

Is There an MLB Salary Cap?

Major League Baseball doesn’t have a fixed salary cap, unlike the NHL. Instead, the luxury tax system is the only way to stop big-money teams from spending endless amounts of money to extend their advantage over smaller-market clubs.

For the 2023 season, the CBT threshold is $233 million. In 2024, it will increase to $237 million, and in 2025, it will be $241 million.

Some clubs seem undeterred by the luxury tax, with the New York Mets and Los Angeles Dodgers famously having exorbitant payrolls. In fact, the Mets’ 2023 penalty for being over the threshold ($81.4 million) is projected to be more than the entire payrolls of the Baltimore Orioles ($81 million), Pittsburgh Pirates ($72.9 million), and Oakland Athletics ($61.9 million). 

Without a fixed cap, money will always heavily influence, if not outright determine, which teams can acquire top players. Still, the idea of simply tacking on extra years to a contract to bring down the player’s AAV seems particularly shady.

Will MLB Ban Long Contracts?

The MLB Collective Bargaining Agreement states players and clubs cannot enter into any agreement “designed to defeat or circumvent the intention” of the luxury tax. If these long contracts are deemed an attempt at beating the threshold, the league can presumably request the deal be renegotiated to a shorter term.

At this stage, the league assesses contracts on a case-by-case basis. Since all the recent deals only take players into their very early 40s, teams could still quite easily defend the long lengths if questioned. But what if this is the start of a trend? Could we see 15 and 20-year contracts next year? What if players start signing contracts for when they’ll be 45 or older?

Of course, this is all very presumptive, and if long contracts become more common across the league, MLB will have to cross that bridge. Players and the MLBPA would undoubtedly fight any hard restriction placed on contract lengths, but perhaps moving closer to the NHL’s salary cap model is the next step.

The maximum cap for an NHL team in the 2022-23 season is $82.5 million, and the minimum is $61 million. The maximum contract length is eight years for teams re-signing their own player and seven years for free agents signing with a new team. The highest-paid NHL player this season is Connor McDavid (Edmonton Oilers), who is set to make $15.3 million.

NHL contracts are obviously substantially lower than those in MLB, so setting a cap anywhere near $82.5 million would be wildly unreasonable. Still, if the league deems a harder line needs to be taken on payroll spending, imposing a fixed cap would be the next step.

So, perhaps MLB salary and contract-length limits are on the horizon. Only time will tell.

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About the Author

Rachael Millanta

Read More @rachaelmillanta

Rachael Millanta is a Web Content Writer for BetMGM focusing on Major League Baseball and the National Hockey League. Her work has been published in SB Nation, McSweeney’s Internet Tendency, and Slackjaw Humor. Originally from Sydney, Australia, Rachael now resides in Chicago, Illinois.

Rachael Millanta is a Web Content Writer for BetMGM focusing on Major League Baseball and the National Hockey League. Her work has been published in SB Nation, McSweeney’s Internet Tendency, and Slackjaw Humor. Originally from Sydney, Australia, Rachael now resides in Chicago, Illinois.