What’s the MLB 40-Man Roster?

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Chicago White Sox's Luis Robert Jr. bats during an MLB baseball game against the Baltimore Orioles Saturday, April 15, 2023, in Chicago.
(AP Photo/Paul Beaty)
BetMGM @BETMGM Apr 19, 2023, 11:15 PM

An MLB team’s 40-man roster includes a combination of players on the 26-man roster, the 7-, 10-, and 15-day injured lists, the paternity leave list, the bereavement/family medical emergency list, and some minor league players. A player must be on the 40-man roster in order for the team to add them to the 26-man (active) roster.

Players on a team’s 40-man roster are protected from being selected by another club in the yearly Rule 5 Draft hosted at the Winter Meetings.

What Happens When an MLB Player Is Removed From the 40-Man Roster?

If a team with a full 40-man roster wants to promote a minor league player that is not on the 40-man roster, it must first remove a player from the 40-man roster to make space. In order to do this, the player being removed must be designated for assignment, traded, released, or transferred to the 60-day injured list.

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Our BetMGM editors and authors are sports experts with a wealth of knowledge of the sports industry at all levels. Their coverage includes sports news, previews and predictions, fun facts, and betting.

Our BetMGM editors and authors are sports experts with a wealth of knowledge of the sports industry at all levels. Their coverage includes sports news, previews and predictions, fun facts, and betting.